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J Biol Chem. 1998 Jul 3;273(27):16643-6.

A common requirement for the catalytic activity and both SH2 domains of SHP-2 in mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activation by the ErbB family of receptors. A specific role for SHP-2 in map, but not c-Jun amino-terminal kinase activation.

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1
Division of Cytokine Biology, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.

Abstract

The ErbB family of receptors, which include the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), ErbB2, ErbB3, and ErbB4 mediate the actions of a family of bioactive polypeptides. EGF signals through EGFR, whereas heregulin (HRG) signaling is initiated through binding to either ErbB3 or ErbB4. In this report we studied the role of protein-tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 in ErbB-mediated activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) by overexpressing SHP-2 mutants in COS-7 cells. We demonstrate that enzymatic activity and both NH2- and COOH-terminal SH2 domains of SHP-2 are required for EGF-induced MAPK activation, but not for c-Jun amino-terminal kinase stimulation or MAPK activation which occurred in response to myristoylated son of sevenless, activated Ras, or phorbol ester. Dominant-negative forms of SHP-2 had no effect on EGF-stimulated interaction of GRB2 with EGFR or SHC, nor did they influence phosphorylation of SHC and SHC/EGFR association. The same mutant SHP-2 structures that inhibited EGF-mediated stimulation of MAPK also blocked HRG alpha/beta-induced MAPK activation. EGF or HRG beta caused SHP-2 SH2 domains to engage multiple phosphotyrosine proteins, and mutation of either domain disrupted these associations. These results demonstrate that SHP-2 performs a common and essential function(s) in ligand-stimulated MAPK activation by the ErbB family of receptors.

PMID:
9642214
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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