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Free Radic Biol Med. 1998 Jun;24(9):1446-54.

Interleukin-1 expression during hyperoxic lung injury in the mouse.

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Unité de Recherche de Pédiatrie, Centre de Recherche du CHUL, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec, Ste-Foy, Canada.


An important component of the pathophysiologic response to hyperoxia (O2) is pulmonary inflammation, although the roles of specific inflammatory mediators during pulmonary O2 toxicity are not completely known. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is an early inflammatory mediator and is sufficient to elicit many of the responses associated with acute injury. The IL-1 family comprises two bioactive proteins, IL-1alpha and IL-1beta, and their natural antagonist IL-1ra. Here we report studies of IL-1 regulation during hyperoxic lung injury in the adult mouse. When assayed by Northern blot, increases in IL-1beta mRNA were seen after 2 days of hyperoxia. In contrast, IL-1alpha mRNA was barely detectable before 4 days of hyperoxia. To further understand the cellular origin of IL-1beta expression in lungs, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical analyses were performed. IL-1beta mRNA or protein was not detected in the lungs of unexposed animals. At 3 days, we observed the accumulation of IL-1beta transcripts in pulmonary interstitial macrophages and in a subset of neutrophils, and immunodetectable IL-1beta protein was co-localized in adjacent sections. At 4 days of exposure, IL-1beta transcripts were widespread in lung tissue, but many areas rich in IL-1beta mRNA were devoid of immunodetectable IL-1beta. However, it is not known whether increased synthesis of IL-1beta or the uncoupling of IL-1beta protein and mRNA accumulation has a role in pathophysiology of pulmonary O2 toxicity.

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