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Leuk Lymphoma. 1998 Mar;29(1-2):179-85.

Detection of B-cell monoclonality in fine needle aspiration by PCR analysis.

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  • 1Institute of Medical Semeiotics, Internal Medicine, University of Padova, Italy.


Cytologic examination of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) sometimes fails to diagnose the malignant nature of B-cell proliferations. In this study we analyzed the Ig gene rearrangement of 49 FNA samples by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in order to evaluate whether molecular analyses can improve the accuracy of FNA. Twenty-six patients had non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, 11 had reactive lymphoid diseases, 5 had chronic inflammation and 7 had carcinoma. A semi-nested PCR was performed using an oligoprimer specific for consensus sequences of the V regions (FR3A) and two oligoprimers derived from conserved sequences of the J regions (LJH and VLJH). Histologic examination always followed the molecular and cytologic analysis. The sensitivity of PCR and FNA morphological examination in detecting a neoplastic pattern was 92% and 78%, respectively. When samples were considered inadequate for cytologic examination, PCR always reached a diagnosis consistent with the histologic features. Our results demonstrate that PCR analysis of FNA specimens is a reliable and sensitive method capable of enhancing the diagnostic accuracy of cytologic examination.

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