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J Trace Elem Med Biol. 1998 Mar;12(1):8-15.

Distribution of selenium between plasma fractions in guinea pigs and humans with various intakes of dietary selenium.

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Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Oregon State University, Corvallis 97331, USA.


The distribution of selenium between the plasma fractions was investigated in guinea pigs fed various levels (basal, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, 6.0 and 8.0 mg Se/kg) of dietary selenomethionine (Semet) and in humans living in different areas of China with different selenium status. There was a corresponding increase of selenium concentration in liver, kidney, brain, testis, spleen, heart and muscle with each increase of dietary selenium, but there were no increases of glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activity in liver, brain, testis, heart or muscle in pigs fed any of the selenium levels as compared to controls fed a basal commercial diet. On a percentage distribution basis, the selenium in selenoprotein P decreased and that in the albumin fraction increased with increased dietary intakes of selenium as Semet. The ratios of selenium to albumin in either the plasma or the albumin fractions increased with each increase in dietary selenium. The greatest percentage of selenium was in the albumin fraction of Chinese living in the high selenium areas whereas the greatest amount was in the selenoprotein P fraction in subjects living in deficient and adequate areas of China. Increases in the ratios of selenium to albumin in either the plasma or the albumin fraction also occurred with increases of selenium intake of these subjects. The results indicate that the distribution of selenium in plasma fractions reflect the levels of dietary intakes of Semet.

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