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J Appl Psychol. 1997 Dec;82(6):845-57.

Correlates and perceived outcomes of four types of employee development activity.

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  • 1University of Sheffield, England.


Participation in 4 different types of development activity was studied in a sample of manufacturing employees (N = 1,798). It was found that similar sets of variables were linked to greater participation in 3 activities: required training courses in work time, work-based development activity in work time, and career planning activity in work time or an individual's own time. Three kinds of reported benefits were studied, and the occurrence of these benefits was found to vary between different types of development activity. Overall job satisfaction and organizational commitment were significantly associated with prior participation in required training courses and work-based development activity. However, voluntary learning in one's own time was completely unrelated to these work attitudes.

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