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FEBS Lett. 1998 May 15;427(3):367-70.

Lack of beta-amyloid production in M19 cells deficient in site 2 processing of the sterol regulatory element binding proteins.

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Novartis Pharma Ltd., Basel, Switzerland.


The processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and the sterol regulatory element binding protein show remarkable analogies. Following a first lumenal cleavage, both proteins undergo a cleavage within the transmembrane domain by enzymatic activities named gamma-secretase and S2P, respectively. We analyzed the processing of APP in the mutant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line M19 which lacks the S2P gene encoding for a putative metalloprotease. In these cells, we were not able to detect any beta-amyloid production from endogenous or transiently overexpressed APP, although the transport of APP along the secretory pathway, its processing by alpha- and beta-secretase, as well as its secretion were normal. This strongly suggests that the gamma-secretase cleavage in M19 cells is severely impaired.

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