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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Jun 9;247(1):146-53.

Structure of the gene encoding the human cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p18 and mutational analysis in breast cancer.

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  • 1Laboratory of Molecular Endocrinology, CHUL Research Center, University Hospital of Quebec, Canada.


The cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor p18 blocks progression of the cell cycle by associating with the cyclin D-dependent kinases CDK6 and CDK4. To better understand the regulation of p18 gene expression, we isolated full-length cDNA clones from a human BT-20 breast cancer cell cDNA library. These clones were then used to isolate the human gene from a human genomic DNA library. The human p18 gene spans at least 7.5 kb and is composed of three exons, two of which encode the p18 protein. The genomic clone we isolated contained 5 kb of putative promotor sequence which directed expression of the luciferase reporter gene in transient transfection experiments. The longest cDNA that we isolated from BT-20 cells contained 2103 nucleotides which corresponds to the size of the major RNA transcript detected by Northern analysis in these cells. Transcription start sites mapping to the 5' end of the putative full-length cDNA were identified by ribonuclease protection assays. A novel polymorphism was identified in the 3' untranslated region of BT-20 cell cDNA clones that contained the previously described codon 72 mutation. The codon 72 mutation was also detected in 3 of 35 breast tumors analyzed using a mismatch PCR/RFLP strategy.

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