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Virology. 1998 Jun 5;245(2):313-22.

Characterization of the interactions among vaccinia virus transcription factors G2R, A18R, and H5R.

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Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610, USA.


Prior genetic analysis suggests that there may exist an interaction between the products of the vaccinia virus genes A18R, a putative negative transcription elongation factor, and G2R, a putative positive transcription elongation factor. In addition, affinity purification of polyhistidine-tagged G2R protein overexpressed in vaccinia virus-infected cells, reported here, results in copurification of the vaccinia H5R protein, previously characterized as a late viral transcription factor. We have therefore used several methods to screen further for interactions among the G2R, A18R, and H5R proteins. Methods include copurification or co-immunoprecipitation of proteins overexpressed during vaccinia virus infection, activation of the gal 4 promoter by gal 4 fusions in the yeast two-hybrid system, and co-immunoprecipitation of proteins synthesized in vitro in a rabbit reticulocyte lysate. The results reveal interactions which include all possible pairwise combinations of the three proteins G2R, A18R, and H5R; however, not all possible permutations of the interactions are observed and the interactions are not observed in all environments tested. The results suggest that the vaccinia virus proteins G2R, A18R, and H5R interact as part of a higher order transcription complex.

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