Send to

Choose Destination
Semin Radiat Oncol. 1998 Jul;8(3):208-16.

Microenvironmental control of gene expression: implications for tumor angiogenesis, progression, and metastasis.

Author information

Gray Laboratory Cancer Research Trust, Mount Vernon Hospital, Northwood, UK.


Low oxygen tension (hypoxia) is an important prognostic factor in cancer treatment because it affects tumor formation and malignant progression. Many genes governing these complex processes have been found to be oxygen regulated. This article reviews the present knowledge of hypoxia-inducible gene expression and how this affects angiogenesis, progression, and metastasis. Of particular importance are hypoxia-regulated transcription factors because they can modulate expression of countless different genes. Additional genes analyzed in some detail include those encoding angiogenic growth factors, factors controlling blood flow, and those involved in metastasis. Although hypoxia is generally perceived as a hindrance to cancer therapy, it is possibly exploitable because severe oxygen deficiency is tumor specific. Strategies aimed at using the presence of hypoxia in solid tumors include oxygen sensitive chemotherapy and gene therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center