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Br J Haematol. 1998 Jun;101(3):483-6.

Prevention of central venous catheter associated thrombosis using minidose warfarin in patients with haematological malignancies.

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1
BMT Unit, Addenbrooke's NHS Trust, Cambridge.

Abstract

Thrombosis is a well-recognized complication following insertion of central venous catheters and is associated with significant morbidity. In an attempt to reduce line-associated thrombosis, 108 consecutive patients with haematological malignancies were commenced on prophylactic 'minidose' warfarin, 1 mg/d, at the time of line insertion. This group of patients were compared with a historic group of 115 consecutive patients who had not received warfarin. Clinically-suspected venous thrombosis was confirmed by Doppler ultrasound or venography. Patients taking prophylactic warfarin had their prothrombin time measured three times per week with the aim of maintaining an INR <1.6. Five (5%) of the 108 patients who received minidose warfarin developed a thrombosis, at a median of 72 d (range 5-166) from the time of catheter insertion. In the 115 patients who were not anticoagulated 15 (13%) developed a catheter-associated thrombosis at a median of 16 d (range 1-35). There was a significant reduction in line-associated thrombosis in patients receiving warfarin (P=0.03). These data suggest that minidose warfarin reduces the incidence of central venous catheter related thrombosis in patients with haematological malignancies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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