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Exp Cell Res. 1998 May 25;241(1):36-45.

Entactin-2: a new member of basement membrane protein with high homology to entactin/nidogen.

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  • 1Gene Search Program, Chugai Research Institute for Molecular Medicine, Ibaraki, Japan.


Using the new signal sequence trap (SST) method, we isolated several clones encoding secreted and transmembrane proteins from KUSA cells, a murine osteoblast-like cell line. One isolated novel clone, termed entactin-2, exhibited a high similarity to mouse entactin/nidogen, a basement membrane protein. Although deduction of the amino acid sequence of entactin-2 revealed only 27.4% homology to entactin, many structural similarities were seen between both proteins. Entactin-2 contains five EGF-like and two thyroglobulin-like motifs, which are both cysteine-rich. Comparison of both proteins clearly revealed that entactin-2 also contains related domain structures. The rod-like domain of entactin-2, containing the RGD integrin recognition sequence, fused to glutathione-S transferase (GST), revealed a cell surface-binding activity similar to that of entactin. In addition, the tissue distribution of entactin-2 mRNA resembled that of entactin. Furthermore, mRNA expression of both genes decreased as osteoblastic differentiation progressed. These results suggest that entactin-2 is a member of the entactin gene family, may have entactin-related functions, and might act as a basement membrane component.

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