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Dysphagia. 1998 Summer;13(3):151-5.

Weight loss, dysphagia, and outcome in advanced dementia.

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1
Sisters of Charity at Ottawa Hospital, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

There has been much debate on the value and risks of long-term enteral feeding in patients with advanced dementia. A retrospective study was carried out on 47 patients with a primary diagnosis of dementia who died over a two-year period. All were inpatients in a nursing home or skilled nursing facility. Marked weight loss and dysphagia occurring in a specific pattern were found to be associated with death from pneumonia. These clinical features probably imply failure of basic homeostatic mechanisms. Patients showing this clinical pattern may be less likely to show benefits from long-term enteral feeding.

PMID:
9633155
DOI:
10.1007/PL00009565
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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