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J Subst Abuse Treat. 1998 May-Jun;15(3):213-20.

Predicting drug treatment entry among treatment-seeking individuals.

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Drug Abuse Research Center, Neuropsychiatric Institute, University of California, Los Angeles 90024-3511, USA.


This study examined factors related to drug treatment program entry among 276 drug abusers seeking treatment referral. Six-month follow-up interviews determined that 171 (62.0%) followed through with the treatment referral. The analyses indicated that treatment-entry and non-entry subjects did not differ in predisposing factors (age, gender, race/ethnicity, education), type of drug use, or years of use. A logistic regression analysis indicated that characteristics at baseline predicting subsequent treatment entry include legal pressure, lower levels of psychological distress and family or social problems, and prior successful treatment experience. Legal coercion was an effective factor promoting treatment entry. Drug abusers having prior successful treatment experience were also more likely to reenter treatment. However, those with more severe problems (drug related and others) seemed less likely to enter treatment, indicating that psychological distress and family problems may undermine motivation to follow through on treatment referral.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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