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Calcif Tissue Int. 1998 Jul;63(1):5-8.

Genetic variation in alpha 2HS-glycoprotein is related to calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation in older women.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, 130 Desoto St., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261, USA.

Abstract

Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) is an independent predictor of hip and vertebral fractures. BUA is under genetic control, but the specific genes contributing to BUA are not well defined. We examined the relationship between genetic variation in alpha2HS-glycoprotein (AHSG), an abundant noncollagenous protein of bone matrix, and calcaneal BUA. Genetic polymorphism in AHSG was determined in 222 Caucasian women (age 66-92) enrolled in the Pittsburgh Study of Osteoporotic Fractures clinical center by isoelectric focusing of serum samples. Calcaneal BUA and bone mineral density (BMD) were measured on the same foot with a Walker Sonix UBA 575(+) and single X-ray absorptiometry. Hip and spine BMD were determined with a Hologic QDR-1000 densitometer using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. AHSG polymorphism was not significantly related to hip, lumbar spine, or calcaneal BMD. Compared with the homozygous AHSG*2 women, calcaneal BUA was 13% lower in heterozygous (P < 0.05) and 16% lower in homozygous AHSG*1 women (P < 0.05). This relationship persisted after controlling for age, weight, height, walks for exercise, and calcaneal BMD. Current and self-reported height were also lowest in homozygous AHSG*1 women, intermediate in heterozygous women, and highest among homozygous AHSG*2 subjects. These results suggest that the AHSG polymorphism may contribute to the genetic influence on calcaneal BUA and stature.

PMID:
9632839
DOI:
10.1007/s002239900481
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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