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Mol Cell Biol. 1998 Jul;18(7):3907-14.

TATA binding protein discriminates between different lesions on DNA, resulting in a transcription decrease.

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Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, CNRS/INSERM/ULP, F-67404 Illkirch Cedex, Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France.


DNA damage recognition by basal transcription factors follows different mechanisms. Using transcription-competition, nitrocellulose filter binding, and DNase I footprinting assays, we show that, although the general transcription factor TFIIH is able to target any kind of lesion which can be repaired by the nucleotide excision repair pathway, TATA binding protein (TBP)-TFIID is more selective in damage recognition. Only genotoxic agents which are able to induce kinked DNA structures similar to the one for the TATA box in its TBP complex are recognized. Indeed, DNase I footprinting patterns reveal that TBP protects equally 4 nucleotides upstream and 6 nucleotides downstream from the A-T (at position -29 of the noncoding strand) of the adenovirus major late promoter and from the G-G of a cisplatin-induced 1,2-d(GpG) cross-link. Together, our results may partially explain differences in transcription inhibition rates following DNA damage.

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