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J Biol Chem. 1998 Jun 26;273(26):15920-6.

Lactic acid efflux from white skeletal muscle is catalyzed by the monocarboxylate transporter isoform MCT3.

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Department of Biochemistry, School of Medical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TD, United Kingdom.


The newly cloned proton-linked monocarboxylate transporter MCT3 was shown by Western blotting and immunofluorescence confocal microscopy to be expressed in all muscle fibers. In contrast, MCT1 is expressed most abundantly in oxidative fibers but is almost totally absent in fast-twitch glycolytic fibers. Thus MCT3 appears to be the major MCT isoform responsible for efflux of glycolytically derived lactic acid from white skeletal muscle. MCT3 is also expressed in several other tissues requiring rapid lactic acid efflux. The expression of both MCT3 and MCT1 was decreased by 40-60% 3 weeks after denervation of rat hind limb muscles, whereas chronic stimulation of the muscles for 7 days increased expression of MCT1 2-3-fold but had no effect on MCT3 expression. The kinetics and substrate and inhibitor specificities of monocarboxylate transport into cell lines expressing only MCT3 or MCT1 have been determined. Differences in the properties of MCT1 and MCT3 are relatively modest, suggesting that the significance of the two isoforms may be related to their regulation rather than their intrinsic properties.

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