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Bone Marrow Transplant. 1998 May;21(10):1063-6.

Primary human herpes virus 6 infection transmitted from donor to recipient through bone marrow infusion.

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Department of Paediatrics, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam.


An 8.5-month-old boy with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome received a sibling matched bone marrow transplant from his healthy non-identical twin brother. The donor had primary human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) infection around the time of bone marrow donation. The recipient had hepatitis in the first week and then developed fever and rash on day 18. Skin biopsy was shown to have HHV-6 antigen and his peripheral blood leukocytes were HHV-6 DNA positive. He engrafted on day 18 but the ANC dropped from 5.5 x 10(9)/l (day 23) to 0.48 x 10(9)/l (day 34) with persistent HHV-6 DNAemia. Bone marrow on day 35 was positive for HHV-6 DNA. He was treated with G-CSF and ganciclovir with good response. He later had pneumonitis which was treated empirically with foscarnet, ceftazidime and clarithromycin.

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