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J Am Acad Dermatol. 1998 Jun;38(6 Pt 1):877-95; quiz 896-7.

Cutaneous pseudolymphomas.

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Department of Dermatology, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Ohio, USA.


Cutaneous pseudolymphoma refers to a heterogeneous group of benign reactive T- or B-cell lymphoproliferative processes of diverse causes that simulate cutaneous lymphomas clinically and/or histologically. The inflammatory infiltrate is bandlike, nodular, or diffuse and is composed predominantly of lymphocytes with or without other inflammatory cells. Depending on the predominant cell type in the infiltrate, cutaneous pseudolymphomas are divided into T- and B-cell pseudolymphomas. Cutaneous T-cell pseudolymphomas include idiopathic cutaneous T-cell pseudolymphoma, lymphomatoid drug reactions, lymphomatoid contact dermatitis, persistent nodular arthropod-bite reactions, nodular scabies, actinic reticuloid, and lymphomatoid papulosis. Cutaneous B-cell pseudolymphomas include idiopathic lymphocytoma cutis, borrelial lymphocytoma cutis, tattoo-induced lymphocytoma cutis, post-zoster scar lymphocytoma cutis, and some persistent nodular arthropod-bite reactions. This review attempts to discuss current aspects of the classification, pathogenesis, clinical spectrum, histopathologic and immunohistochemical diagnosis, and laboratory investigations for clonality in the various types of cutaneous pseudolymphomas.

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