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J Small Anim Pract. 1998 May;39(5):231-6.

Naturally acquired leptospirosis in 36 dogs: serological and clinicopathological features.

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Department of Small Animal Medicine, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.


Case records of 36 dogs with confirmed leptospirosis diagnosed at the New York State College of Veterinary Medicine from 1980 to 1995 were reviewed retrospectively, and clinical, serological and pathological findings were recorded to characterise the epidemiology of this disease in upstate New York. Titres were directed predominantly against serovars grippotyphosa and/or pomona in 31 of 34 dogs. Convalescent titres were measured for 53 per cent of dogs. The most common clinical presentation was acute renal failure. Increased liver enzyme activity was documented in 22 of 36 dogs. It is clear from this study that Leptospira pomona and grippotyphosa are important pathogens capable of causing severe renal and hepatic injury in dogs.

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