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Nat Biotechnol. 1996 Jul;14(7):845-51.

High-avidity human IgG kappa monoclonal antibodies from a novel strain of minilocus transgenic mice.

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Department of Hybridoma Development, GenPharm International, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA.


Human immunoglobulin transgenic mice provide a method of obtaining human monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) using conventional hybridoma technology. We describe a novel strain of human immunoglobulin transgenic mice and the use of this strain to generate multiple high-avidity human sequence IgG kappa Mabs directed against a human antigen. The light chain transgene is derived in part from a yeast artificial chromosome clone that includes nearly half of the germline human V kappa region. In addition, the heavy-chain transgene encodes both human mu and human gamma 1 constant regions, the latter of which is expressed via intratransgene class switching. We have used these animals to isolate human IgG kappa Mabs that are specific for the human T-cell marker CD4, have high binding avidities, and are immunosuppressive in vitro. The human Mab-secreting hybridomas display properties similar to those of wild-type mice including stability, growth, and secretion levels. Mabs with four distinct specificities were derived from a single transgenic mouse, consistent with an extensive diversity in the primary repertoire encoded by the transgenes.

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