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Nat Biotechnol. 1996 Apr;14(4):494-8.

Transgenic rice plants harboring an introduced potato proteinase inhibitor II gene are insect resistant.

Author information

1
Section of Biochemistry, Molecular and Cell Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.

Abstract

We introduced the potato proteinase inhibitor II (PINII) gene (pin2) into several Japonica rice varieties, and regenerated a large number of transgenic rice plants. Wound-inducible expression of the pin2 gene driven by its own promoter, together with the first intron of the rice actin 1 gene (act1), resulted in high-level accumulation of the PINII protein in the transgenic plants. The introduced pin2 gene was stably inherited in the second, third, and fourth generations, as shown by molecular analyses. Based on data from the molecular analyses, several homozygous transgenic lines were obtained. Bioassay for insect resistance with the fifth-generation transgenic rice plants showed that transgenic rice plants had increased resistance to a major rice insect pest, pink stem borer (Sesamia inferens). Thus, introduction of an insecticidal proteinase inhibitor gene into cereal plants can be used as a general strategy for control of insect pests.

PMID:
9630927
DOI:
10.1038/nbt0496-494
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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