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Gene. 1998 Jun 15;213(1-2):189-93.

Chromosomal mapping and expression of the human B120 gene.

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Department of Pathology, Kochi Medical School, Okochou, Nankoku, Kochi 783, Japan.


We previously reported a novel human cDNA, designated B120, containing a CAG repeat length polymorphism and many repeat units, loosely identified as YXQQP which is found in several human RNA binding proteins. In the present study, the B120 gene was mapped to human chromosome 1p35-36.1 by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Several human disorders, including that of Schnyder crystalline corneal dystrophy, have been mapped to this region by genetic linkage. Schnyder crystalline corneal dystrophy is thought to be a primary abnormality of corneal lipid metabolism, resulting in opacification secondary to lipid accumulation. In order to examine the function of B120, we introduced B120 cDNA with an expression vector into various cell lines including Cos1, C3H/10T1/2 and NIH/3T3 cells. These transfected cells exhibited small cytoplasmic spherical bodies. The cytoplasmic bodies appeared to be fat droplets on electron microscopy and histochemical staining. These findings suggested that B120 gene expression is associated with lipid metabolism, and that overexpression of B120 may result in lipid deposition in various cells, including those of fibroblastic cell lines. Since the cornea is composed of fibroblastic cells, overfunction of B120 could be related to the pathogenesis of Schnyder crystalline corneal dystrophy.

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