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J Neuroendocrinol. 1998 Apr;10(4):309-16.

Oxytocin release from the neurohypophysis after the taste stimuli previously paired with intravenous cholecystokinin in anaesthetized rats.

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1
Department of Physiology, Jichi Medical School, Japan.

Abstract

Intravenously administered cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK) induces oxytocin release from the neurohypophysis in anaesthetised rats. Memory of conditioned taste aversion can be acquired under anaesthesia. The present experiments aimed at investigating whether taste stimuli previously paired with i.v. CCK evoke oxytocin release from the neurohypophysis in urethane-anaesthetised male rats. Sucrose solution (0.75-2.0 M) paired with i.v. CCK or the vehicle was applied to the tongue. After 3 h, sucrose solution was applied again. The second sucrose slightly increased plasma oxytocin concentration in rats that had received the first sucrose solution paired with the vehicle. Plasma oxytocin concentration after the second sucrose application, however, was significantly higher in CCK-injected than in vehicle-injected rats. In rats that received CCK 1 h before the first sucrose application, a second sucrose application did not produce the oxytocin response. The magnitude of the oxytocin response to the second sucrose solution was increased in a manner related to CCK doses. In separate experiments, NaCl solution (0.75 M) paired with CCK or the vehicle was applied to the tongue. The second NaCl solution applied 3 h after the first one facilitated oxytocin release both in the rats that had received CCK or the vehicle. The increase in plasma oxytocin, however, was significantly larger in CCK than in vehicle-injected rats. In rats that had received the first sucrose solution paired with CCK, a second sucrose solution evoked a significantly larger increase in plasma oxytocin concentrations than a testing NaCl solution did. In rats that had received NaCl solution paired with CCK, a testing sucrose solution did not significantly change plasma oxytocin concentrations. These data suggest that the taste stimulus previously paired with i.v. CCK induces oxytocin release from the neurohypophysis in urethane-anaesthetised rats.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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