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Nucleic Acids Res. 1998 Jul 1;26(13):3286-92.

A mutation in NPS1/STH1, an essential gene encoding a component of a novel chromatin-remodeling complex RSC, alters the chromatin structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae centromeres.

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Department of Fermentation Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8527, Japan.


The NPS1/STH1 gene encodes a nuclear protein essential for the progression of G2/M phase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae . Nps1p shares homology to Snf2/Swi2p, a subunit of a protein complex known as the SNF/SWI complex. Recently, Nps1p was found to be a component of a protein complex termed RSC (3) essential for mitotic growth, whereas its function is unknown. We isolated a temperature-sensitive mutant allele of NPS1 , nps1-105, and found that the mutation increases the sensitivity to thiabendazole (TBZ). At the restrictive temperature, nps1-105 arrested at the G2/M phase in MAD1-dependent manner and missegregated the mini-chromosome with higher frequency than the wild type cells. The nuclease digestion of the chromatin of the mutant cells revealed that the mutation causes the alteration of the chromatin structure around centromeres at the restrictive temperature. The results suggested that, in the nps1-105 mutant, impaired chromatin structure surrounding centromeres may lead to an impairment of kinetochore function and the cells arrest at G2/M phase through the spindle-assembly checkpoint system.

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