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Genomics. 1998 May 15;50(1):97-104.

Cloning, chromosomal mapping, and regulatory properties of the human type 9 adenylyl cyclase (ADCY9).

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA.


The type 9 adenylyl cyclase (AC9) is a widely distributed adenylyl cyclase that was originally cloned from a mouse cDNA library. Here we report the cloning, chromosomal mapping, and regulatory properties of human AC9 (HGMW-approved symbol ADCY9). Although the human AC9 sequence shows 86% homology with mouse AC9, divergence at the C2a/C2b junction results in an alternative C2b amino acid sequence. In situ hybridization localized the human AC9 gene to both human and mouse chromosomes 16. AC9 mRNA is present in all tissues examined, with the highest levels found in skeletal muscle, heart, and brain. To characterize the regulatory properties of human AC9 in vivo, the enzyme was expressed in HEK-293 cells. Human AC9 is stimulated by beta-adrenergic receptor activation but is insensitive to forskolin, Ca2+ and somatostatin. In contrast to mouse AC9, the activity of human AC9 is unaffected by inhibitors of calcineurin. These data emphasize the importance of determining the regulatory properties of human adenylyl cyclases.

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