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J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1998 Jun;37(6):594-601.

Adult physical health outcomes of adolescent girls with conduct disorder, depression, and anxiety.

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1
University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the young adult physical health outcomes of adolescent girls with behavior problems.

METHOD:

Girls with conduct disorder, girls with depression, girls with anxiety, and healthy girls (N = 459) who had been evaluated at age 15 years were followed up at age 21, when general physical health, substance dependence, and reproductive health were assessed.

RESULTS:

After control for potentially confounding variables including prior health, adolescent conduct disorder predicted more medical problems, poorer self-reported overall health, lower body mass index, alcohol and/or marijuana dependence, tobacco dependence, daily smoking, more lifetime sexual partners, sexually transmitted disease, and early pregnancy. Adolescent depression predicted only adult tobacco dependence and more medical problems; adolescent anxiety predicted more medical problems.

CONCLUSIONS:

The robust link between female adolescent conduct disorder and poor physical health in adulthood suggests that intervention with girls who have conduct disorder may be a strategy for preventing subsequent health problems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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