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Transplantation. 1998 May 27;65(10):1345-51.

Anti-skeletal muscle glycolipid antibodies in human heart transplantation as predictors of acute rejection: comparison with other risk factors.

Author information

1
Division of Pathology, Instituto de Cardiología y Cirugía Cardiovascular, Fundación Favaloro, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

In forty-five patients who underwent orthotopic heart transplantation, the titer of anti-human skeletal muscle glycolipid antibodies (AGA) present in the sera at the moment of transplantation was correlated with the number of histologically diagnosed cellular grade 3A and humoral acute rejection episodes during the first 120 days after transplantation. Determination of a cutoff value of 0.800 for the AGA level was determined by a receiver operating characteristic curve. Thirteen of 19 patients (68.4%) with an AGA titer above 0.800 developed 24 severe rejection episodes, and of the 26 patients with an AGA titer below 0.800, only 4 (15.3%) presented 6 severe rejection episodes during that time. This was especially evident for the humoral rejection episodes, which were diagnosed in only 1 of the 26 patients with AGA below 0.800 and in 7 of the 19 with AGA above 0.800. Comparison by univariate analysis of other well-known risk factors for a greater number of rejection episodes during the early posttransplant period with the AGA level at the moment of transplantation revealed that the latter distinguished a greater number of patients at risk than the other factors, such as a female donor, the lymphocyte direct cross-match, or the status of the patients at transplantation; the odds ratios were 6.33 for the AGA level, 3.17 for the direct cross-match, and 2.76 for the status at transplantation. By multiple logistic regression analysis, the only relevant risk factors in our group of patients were the AGA level (P=0.0009) and the status at transplantation (P=0.0285). These results indicate that determination of the AGA level at the moment of transplantation could represent a useful method for distinguishing which patients are at risk for a greater number of rejection episodes during the early posttransplant period, with a greater sensitivity than other risk factors.

PMID:
9625017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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