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Nat Genet. 1998 Jun;19(2):140-7.

The forkhead transcription factor gene FKHL7 is responsible for glaucoma phenotypes which map to 6p25.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA.


A number of different eye disorders with the presence of early-onset glaucoma as a component of the phenotype have been mapped to human chromosome 6p25. These disorders have been postulated to be either allelic to each other or associated with a cluster of tightly linked genes. We have identified two primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) patients with chromosomal anomalies involving 6p25. In order to identify a gene involved in PCG, the chromosomal breakpoints in a patient with a balanced translocation between 6p25 and 13q22 were cloned. Cloning of the 6p25 breakpoint led to the identification of two candidate genes based on proximity to the breakpoint. One of these, FKHL7, encoding a forkhead transcription factor, is in close proximity to the breakpoint in the balanced translocation patient and is deleted in a second PCG patient with partial 6p monosomy. Furthermore, FKHL7 was found to harbour mutations in patients diagnosed with Rieger anomaly (RA), Axenfeld anomaly (AA) and iris hypoplasia (IH). This study demonstrates that mutations in FKHL7 cause a spectrum of glaucoma phenotypes.

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