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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1998 Jun;18(6):777-85.

Reduction of antigen-induced airway hyperreactivity and eosinophilia in ICAM-1-deficient mice.

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Department of Immunological Diseases, Research and Development Center, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals Inc., Ridgefield, Connecticut 06877, USA.


A murine model of asthma is described in which we examined the role of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in the pathogenesis of airway reactivity, pulmonary eosinophilia, and inflammation. We sensitized wild-type control [C57BL/6J, (+/+)] and ICAM-1 knockout [C57BL/6J-ICAM-1, (-/-)] mice to ovalbumin (OVA), and challenged them with OVA delivered by aerosol (OVA-OVA) to induce a phenotype consistent with an asthmatic response. Bronchial responsiveness to methacholine and counts of cell numbers and measurements of eosinophil content and cytokine levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were significantly attenuated in ICAM-1(-/-) mice as compared with (+/+) mice. We also showed that the absence of ICAM-1 had no significant affects on the production of serum IgE antibody, but did have an effect on ex vivo lymphocyte proliferation. Additionally, immunohistochemistry: (1) revealed increased staining for vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) after antigen challenge in the ICAM-1(-/-) mice but not in the ICAM-1(+/+) controls; and (2) confirmed the presence of alternatively spliced forms of ICAM-1 in the lungs of ICAM-1(-/-) mice. Thus, despite the availability of alternate adhesion pathways in ICAM-1(-/-) mice, the absence of ICAM-1 prevented eosinophils from entering the airways. In summary, we found that the ICAM-1 knockout mice exhibited a significantly inhibited response to aerosol antigen challenge for most of the parameters examined, and conclude that ICAM-1 is an important ligand mediating T-cell proliferation in response to antigen, eosinophil migration into the airways, and the development of airway hyperreactivity (AHR) in allergen-sensitized and -challenged mice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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