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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 May 29;246(3):788-91.

Regulation of cellular adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins by galectin-3.

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Department of Biochemistry, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, Tennessee 37208, USA.


The control of cellular adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins is poorly understood. In the present analyses, we set out to test the hypothesis that high galectin-3 concentration on the cell surface downregulates cellular adhesion to the extracellular matrix proteins. Various tumor cell lines were briefly incubated without or with galectin-3 and then allowed to adhere to wells coated with laminin-1, collagen IV and fibronectin. Our data demonstrated that the cells which were incubated with galectin-3 prior to plating had significantly reduced adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins. This inhibition involved the carbohydrate recognition domain of the lectin because adhesion was achieved in the presence of galectin-3 and lactose but not galectin-3 and sucrose. Furthermore we demonstrated that galectin-3 associates with alpha 1 beta 1 integrin in a lactose dependent manner.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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