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Clin Nephrol. 1998 May;49(5):308-12.

Echocardiographic evaluation in long-term continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis compared with the hemodialysis patients.

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1
Kidney Center, Saiseikai Yahata Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan.

Abstract

In dialysis patients, the prevalence of severe left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and systolic failure, important predictors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, has been reported to be very high. Therefore, we investigated cardiac function in 17 long-term CAPD patients (dialysis duration: 76.5 +/- 13.2 months; L-CAPD) by echocardiography and pulsed Doppler, and then compared with 16 short-term CAPD patients (dialysis duration: 28.9 +/- 11.9 months; S-CAPD), 21 long-term hemodialysis patients (dialysis duration: 165.1 +/- 52.7 months; L-HD), and 22 short-term hemodialysis patients (dialysis duration: 71.3 +/- 28.9 months; S-HD), except for the cases with diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease, cardiac surgery or overt congestive heart failure. We selected 13 normotensive patients with normal kidney function as normal control group matched for sex and age (Control). Concerning with L-CAPD, S-CAPD, L-HD, and S-HD, these four groups were matched for age and original diseases. We examined blood pressure (BP), cardiothoracic rate (CTR), antihypertensive (AHT) drugs and laboratory data. Wall thickness, left atrium, ventricular chamber size, ejection fraction (EF) and left ventricular mass (LV mass) [Devereux et al. 1986] were measured by echocardiograph. Peak early diastolic flow velocity (E), peak atrial filling velocity (A), A/E ratio and deceleration time of peak early diastolic flow velocity (DT) were calculated by analyzing transmitral flow, recorded by pulsed Doppler. BP control, CTR and EF were significantly worse in L-CAPD than in other patient groups. A/E as one of parameters for cardiac diastolic function was significantly higher in L-CAPD than in HD patients. LVMI (LV mass index: LV mass/body surface area) was significantly higher in L-CAPD than in other groups. LVMI in CAPD patients was shown to be significantly worse as time goes. Volume control by itself without AHT drugs could achieve good BP control in the long-term CAPD patients who were changed to maintenance hemodialysis because of peritoneal sclerosis. We concluded that LV hypertrophy and systolic dysfunction tend to progress in CAPD patients as time goes on. Also it is suggested that the cause of cardiac dysfunction in CAPD patients was mainly based on poor BP control probably due to overhydration, and therefore, appropriate volume control in CAPD patients is especially important.

PMID:
9617495
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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