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Exp Gerontol. 1998 May;33(3):267-82.

CD28 expression in T cell aging and human longevity.

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1
Centre d'Etude du Polymorphisme Humain, Paris, France.

Abstract

Functional decrements of the immune system have a major contribution to aging and age-related diseases. Here, we further characterize the decline in proportion of CD28-positive T cells previously identified in centenarians. Cohorts of 97 centenarians, 40 subjects aged 70-90 (ELD group), and 40 young adults (under age 40) were phenotyped for T cell surface expression of CD28, CD4, and CD8 antigens. The significant decline in T cells expressing CD28 (p < 10(-4) for comparisons between adults and either ELD or centenarians) affects preferentially the CD8+ subset of T cells. This decline accounts largely for the age-related diminution of T cell responsiveness to mitogenic signals. CD28 expression is modulated in T cell cultures in a growth-related fashion and this modulation is dampened in cultures from centenarians. We propose that the decrease in CD28 expression reflects a compensatory adaptation of the immune system during aging in the face of chronic stimulation.

PMID:
9615924
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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