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J Biol Rhythms. 1998 Jun;13(3):219-28.

Isolation and chronobiological analysis of a neuropeptide pigment-dispersing factor gene in Drosophila melanogaster.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02254, USA.

Abstract

In this article, the authors isolate a gene encoding a neuropeptide in Drosophila melanogaster. The substance is called pigment-dispersing factor (PDF), based on one of the roles it plays in crustaceans (the arthropods in which this factor was initially discovered). The PDF-encoding Drosophila gene (pdf) is intronless and present in a single copy per haploid genome. The cytological location of pdf is 97B on the third chromosome. The putative 102-amino-acid precursor (prepro-PDF) consists of a signal peptide and a PDF-associated peptide, followed by the mature PDF. The PDF-associated peptide region of the precursor is highly diverged from those of the crustacean precursors, whereas the primary structure of the mature PDF is conserved in other members of the pigment-dispersing hormone family. A single pdf transcript (ca. 0.8 kb) is expressed predominantly in the head; the expression levels of pdf mRNA are consistently higher in males than in females. Putative pdf homologous transcripts are present in other Drosophila species, which exhibit similar sexual dimorphic expression patterns. Cyclic expression of pdf over the course of the day and night was assessed, but the mRNA exhibited at best very gentle cycling. The pdf expression in two behaviorally arrhythmic mutants were examined; the expression was intact in a period0 mutant but absent in the disconnected mutant.

PMID:
9615286
DOI:
10.1177/074873098129000066
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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