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Virology. 1998 May 25;245(1):1-10.

Various types of HIV mixed infections in Cameroon.

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1
Laboratory of Viral Pathogenesis, Kyoto University, Japan.

Abstract

In order to assess the incidence of HIV mixed infection as well as to clarify the molecular epidemiology of HIV in central Africa, we investigated 43 HIVs obtained from 211 Cameroonian AC, ARC, and AIDS patients in 1994 and 1995. Part of the pol region and part of the env region were phylogenetically analyzed. The genotypes observed were varied: of 43 specimens, 28 (65%) were subtype A, 1 (2%) was subtype B, 2 (5%) were subtype D, 3 (7%) were subtype F, and 2 (5%) were group O. Of the remaining 7 specimens, 3 were mixed infections with HIV-1 subtypes A and C, HIV-1 subtypes C and F, and HIV-2 subtype A and HIV-1 subtype A; 1 was a mixed infection with HIV-1 subtypes A and D and the highly divergent group O (triple infection); another 3 appeared to consist of mosaic genomes (A/G, A/E, and B/A recombinant). These data show that various types of mixed infection, such as between different subtypes of HIV-1 group M, between HIV-1 and HIV-2, and even between HIV-1 groups O and M, were confirmed at a rather high frequency (approximately 10%). The mixed infection is particularly significant where there is a greater variety of HIV-1 subtypes circulating, since it results in new genetic diversity generated by intersubtype recombination.

PMID:
9614862
DOI:
10.1006/viro.1998.9141
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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