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Jpn J Clin Oncol. 1998 Mar;28(3):214-21.

Factors that influence the eligibility of cases for inclusion in clinical trials. The Lung Cancer Chemotherapy Study Group of the Japan Clinical Oncology Group.

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1
Division of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It is important to minimize the incidence of ineligible cases to improve the quality of clinical trials. To determine factors which may influence the incidence of ineligible cases, the incidence of and reasons for ineligibility in clinical trials were retrospectively analyzed.

METHODS:

We retrospectively examined the incidence of and reasons for ineligibility for inclusion in eight clinical trials conducted by the Lung Cancer Chemotherapy Study Group of the Japan Clinical Oncology Group and four trials financed by trust funds from a pharmaceutical company.

RESULTS:

In these 12 clinical studies, the incidence of ineligibility was 4.2% (32/762) (range 0-10.6%). Specific factors that might influence the incidence of ineligible cases were then analyzed. There was a significant difference in the incidence of ineligibility between the methods of registration (P < 0.05). The incidences using a central registration and without using a central registration system were 2.8% (9/322) and 5.2% (23/440) respectively. We also analyzed ineligible cases in clinical studies published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. In clinical studies published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology recently and 10 years ago, the incidences of ineligible cases were 5.0% (942/18 878) and 4.1% (206/4995) respectively. In clinical studies on lung cancer published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology from 1984 to 1995, the incidence of ineligible cases was 4.7% (900/19,116). There was no significant difference in the incidence of ineligible cases between our 12 studies and the Journal of Clinical Oncology clinical studies by the chi 2 test (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

We conclude that the incidence of ineligible cases in our studies is similar to that in clinical trials published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. Central registration systems are useful for checking for ineligibility, and to increase the quality of clinical trials.

PMID:
9614446
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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