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Schizophr Bull. 1998;24(2):231-48.

Limbic-cortical neuronal damage and the pathophysiology of schizophrenia.

Author information

1
Washington University School of Medicine, Metropolitan St. Louis Psychiatric Center, MO 63110, USA.

Abstract

Neurobiological studies of patients with schizophrenia suggest that abnormalities of both anatomy and function occur in limbic-cortical structures. An anatomical circuit links the functioning of the ventral striatum (i.e., nucleus accumbens) with the hippocampus and other limbic-cortical structures where neurobiological abnormalities have been found. In animals, lesions of limbic-cortical neurons cause decreases in glutamatergic input to the nucleus accumbens and are also associated with decreases in presynaptic dopamine release, increases in the density of D2-like dopamine receptors, and insensitivity to the actions of dopamine antagonists such as haloperidol. These experiments suggest a plausible pathophysiology of schizophrenia, in that schizophrenic symptoms may be caused by an abnormal dopaminergic state brought about by a primary limbic-cortical lesion and deficits in glutamatergic inputs to the ventral striatum.

PMID:
9613623
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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