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Genetics. 1998 Jun;149(2):971-81.

Allele-specific population structure of Drosophila melanogaster alcohol dehydrogenase at the molecular level.

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1
Laboratoire d'Ecologie, Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Unité de Recherche Associée 258, Université Paris-6, 75005 Paris, France. mveuille@snv.jussieu.fr

Abstract

The history of the Drosophila melanogaster alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) Fast/Slow polymorphism was studied by recording molecular variation and inversion polymorphism in 233 chromosomes from European and African populations. Silent molecular variation in the Slow allele was very different between standard chromosomes and chromosomes bearing the In(2L)t inversion. Within populations, inverted Slow haplotypes were more variable than standard Slow haplotypes. Between populations, geographical structure was almost nonexistent for inverted Slow haplotypes and highly significant for standard Slow. All Fast haplotypes occurred on standard chromosomes. They showed little variation within and between populations. They were highly significantly closer to standard Slow haplotypes from Europe. These results suggest that the current range of Fast and In(2L)t Slow haplotypes is recent and that an older genetic differentiation between populations was followed by allele-specific gene flow.

PMID:
9611207
PMCID:
PMC1460186
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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