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Biochemistry. 1998 Jun 2;37(22):8197-207.

Specific cross-links between fragments of proteolyzed Na,K-ATPase induced by o-phthalaldehyde.

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Department of Biological Chemistry, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.


We have used o-phthalaldehyde (OPA) to cross-link adjacent fragments of "19 kDa membranes", a tryptic preparation of Na,K-ATPase lacking the ATP site but retaining cation occlusion sites. Treatment with OPA of "19 kDa membranes" or detergent-solubilized membranes containing occluded Rb ions [Or, E., Goldshleger, R., Tal, D. M., and Karlish, S. J. D. (1996) Biochemistry 35, 6853-6864] yielded cross-linked products of 25 and 31 kDa. Both species contained the 19 kDa fragment of the alpha subunit (transmembrane segments M7-M10). In addition, the 25 kDa product contained the fragment including M5-M6, while the 31 kDa product contained a 16 kDa fragment of the beta subunit. Cross-linking was unaffected by the absence or presence of ligands (Na, Rb, or Mg and ouabain). Cross-linking was largely abolished in thermally inactivated "19 kDa membranes". When proteolytic digestion of the 25 and 31 kDa products was combined with antibody binding, PKA-dependent phosphorylation, and sequencing of fragments, approximate positions of the cross-links were established. In the 25 kDa product, the cross-link was located within the short cytoplasmic segment Asn831-Arg841 of the 19 kDa fragment preceding M7 and within Ala749-Ala770 preceding M5. Thus, M7 and M5 are likely to be in close proximity. In the 31 kDa product, the cross-link was located in the extracellular loop of the alpha subunit between M7 and M8, close to residues which are known to interact with the beta subunit. Functional implications of the interactions between the fragments of the alpha (M5-M6 and M7-M10) and beta subunits are discussed.

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