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Br J Haematol. 1998 May;101(2):296-301.

Multiple myeloma and the translocation t(11;14)(q13;q32): a report on 13 cases.

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1
Division of Hematology and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.

Abstract

Complex cytogenetic abnormalities have been described in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). To better understand the significance of the most frequent translocation observed in MM, we studied the clinical characteristics of patients with MM and the t(11;14)(q13;q32) abnormality. A search of the cytogenetic database at the Mayo Clinic identified patients with MM and t(11;14)(q13;q32). The medical records were reviewed for the clinical characteristics of these patients. We identified 13 patients with MM and t(11;14)(q13;q32) determined by standard cytogenetic analysis: in 10 patients the abnormality was detected at the time of relapse (three with previously normal results of cytogenetic examination). At the time the translocation was detected, plasma cell (PC) leukaemia was clinically diagnosed in two patients. The median number of circulating PCs, as determined by the cytoplasmic immunofluorescence of T-cell-depleted peripheral blood mononuclear cells, was 1.1x10(9)/l (mean 1.74; range 0.0017-6.26x10(9)/l). On linear regression analysis there was a strong correlation between the number of circulating PCs and the number of bone marrow PCs. The median survival after demonstration of the translocation was 8.1 months. Of all patients, 10 died of disease progression and three were alive. Patients with MM who have t(11;14)(q13;q32) seem to have an aggressive clinical course, even when the abnormality is detected at the time of diagnosis, with evidence of many circulating PCs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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