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Toxicol Lett. 1998 Feb;94(3):159-66.

Synergistic DNA damaging effects of malondialdehyde/Cu(II) in PM2 DNA and in human fibroblasts.

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Carl-von-Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, ICBM and FB7, Germany.


Malondialdehyde (MDA) is a product of lipid peroxidation (LPO). In combination with CuCl2 MDA induced single strand breaks in PM2 DNA whereas MDA or CuCl2 alone had no effect. Cu(II) oxidized MDA by a radical mechanism under formation of Cu(I). DNA strand break induction was inhibited by catalase (98%), neocuproine (76%) and DMSO (61%). The synergistic damaging effect of MDA and Cu(II) was also demonstrated in human fibroblasts measured by alkaline elution. The combination MDA/CuCl2 caused extensive DNA breakage while neither MDA nor CuCl2 alone induced DNA damage within the cell. Synergistic cytotoxic effects were observed 18 h after a simultaneous treatment of the cells with MDA and CuCl2 for 1 h.

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