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Neuroscience. 1998 Jul;85(1):259-68.

Injection of corticotropin-releasing hormone into the locus coeruleus or foot shock increases neuronal Fos expression.

Author information

1
Department of Neuroscience, Brain, Behavior and Immunity Center, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA.

Abstract

Previous research suggests that corticotropin-releasing hormone can act in the locus coeruleus to increase the firing of locus coeruleus neurons and elicit physiological responses resembling those associated with stress. The present study used immunocytochemical detection of Fos as a measure of neuronal activation to identify brain areas that were activated by bilateral injections of corticotropin-releasing hormone into the locus coeruleus of rats. Injection of corticotropin-releasing hormone into the locus coeruleus increased the expression of Fos in the locus coeruleus as compared with injection of vehicle into the locus coeruleus or injection of corticotropin-releasing hormone into neighbouring pontine sites. The pattern of Fos expression throughout the brain after injections of corticotropin-releasing hormone into the locus coeruleus was generally consistent with the anatomical organization of efferent projections arising from the locus coeruleus; increased Fos expression was observed in many brain areas including the ventral lateral septum, septohypothalamic nucleus, bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, the central amygdaloid nucleus, the dorsomedial nuclei of the hypothalamus, and the thalamic paraventricular and rhomboid nuclei. Foot shock also increased Fos expression in the locus coeruleus and the other brain regions that expressed Fos after corticotropin-releasing hormone injections into the locus coeruleus. A few brain regions, most notably the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, expressed Fos in response to foot shock but not corticotropin-releasing hormone. These results indicate that local injection of corticotropin-releasing hormone into the locus coeruleus stimulates the activity of the locus coeruleus neurons. However, the pattern of Fos expression throughout the brain evoked by injection of corticotropin-releasing hormone into the locus coeruleus does not fully replicate the effects of foot shock.

PMID:
9607717
DOI:
10.1016/s0306-4522(97)00574-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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