Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Vaccine. 1998 Jan-Feb;16(2-3):255-60.

Safety and immunogenicity of an oral inactivated enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli vaccine.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Göteborg University, Sweden.

Abstract

The safety and immunogenicity of two different lots, 001 and 003, of an oral inactivated enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) vaccine consisting of a mixture of formalin-killed whole bacteria expressing the most prevalent colonisation factor antigens, i.e. CFA/I, CFA/II and CFA/IV and recombinantly produced cholera B subunit (rCTB) have been evaluated in Swedish volunteers. Neither of the two vaccine preparations, containing different CFA/II-expressing strains but otherwise identical, gave rise to any significant side-effects. Mucosal immune responses, as reflected in antibody-secreting cell (ASC) responses in peripheral blood, were studied after two doses of vaccine and did not differ significantly for the two vaccine lots. Vaccination induced high levels of CTB-specific IgA ASCs in 100% of the volunteers, and significant IgA ASC responses (9- to 36-fold) were noted in 84% of them against CFA/I, in 87% against CFA/II subcomponents CS1-CS3 and in 91% against CFA/IV subfactors CS4 and/or CS5. The frequencies and magnitudes of CFA IgA ASC responses were similar when giving the vaccine with a 1 or 2 week interval. Results from serological analyses showed that the local IgA responses against CFAs are only infrequently associated with serum antibody titre rises.

PMID:
9607039
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center