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Vaccine. 1998 Jan-Feb;16(2-3):150-5.

Recombinant cholera toxin B subunit acts as an adjuvant for the mucosal and systemic responses of mice to mucosally co-administered bovine serum albumin.

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Department of Microbiology, Nagoya City University, Medical School, Japan.


We examined the mucosal adjuvant activity of recombinant cholera toxin B subunit (rCTB) produced by Bacillus brevis carrying pNU212-CTB by intranasal or oral co-administration of bovine serum albumin (BSA). Intranasal administration stimulated a high level of BSA-specific serum IgG antibody response and BSA-specific IgA antibody responses in the nasal and pulmonary lavages. Oral administration induced a moderate level of BSA-specific serum IgG antibody and a low level of BSA-specific IgA antibody in the large intestinal washes. These results show that CTB alone can act as an intranasal or oral delivery carrier; it also has strong adjuvant properties for stimulating serum IgG and mucosal IgA immune responses to unrelated, non-coupled antigens after intranasal or oral co-immunization.

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