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Lab Invest. 1998 May;78(5):571-81.

Alleviation of monocrotaline-induced pulmonary hypertension by antibodies to monocyte chemotactic and activating factor/monocyte chemoattractant protein-1.

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Department of Chest Medicine, Chiba University School of Medicine, Chiba City, Japan.


Administration of monocrotaline (MCT) causes pulmonary vascular lesions consisting of monocyte/macrophage infiltration in the early phase and medial thickening in pulmonary arteries and arterioles associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH) in the later phase. However, the molecular mechanism of monocyte/macrophage infiltration and its roles remain elusive. Herein, we have evaluated the role of a potent monocyte chemotactic and activating chemokine/monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCAF/MCP-1) in MCT-induced PH in rats. A single injection of MCT induced PH at Day 21, as evidenced by increases in the ratio of right ventricular to left ventricular and septum weights (RV/LV+S) and right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP). A significant increase in macrophage number in lungs started at Day 14, reaching a maximum at Day 21. MCAF/MCP-1 levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids were elevated significantly at Day 14 and remained high until Day 28, whereas plasma MCAF/MCP-1 levels increased at Day 7, returning to normal levels by Day 21. Immunoreactive MCAF/MCP-1 proteins were mainly detected in macrophages in alveoli and in perivascular regions of pulmonary arterioles and venules. Intravenous administration of anti-MCAF/MCP-1 antibodies with MCT significantly decreased macrophage infiltration and eventually reduced the increases in RV/LV+S and RVSP, as well as medial thickening of pulmonary arterioles. Thus, MCAF/MCP-1 is essentially involved in MCT-induced PH by recruiting and activating macrophages.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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