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Eur J Immunol. 1998 May;28(5):1467-80.

PMA/ionomycin induces Ig kappa 3' enhancer activity which is in part mediated by a unique NFAT transcription complex.

Author information

1
The Wellcome/CRC Institute of Cancer and Developmental Biology, Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, GB. kbm1000@mole.bio.cam.ac.uk

Abstract

The Ig kappa 3' enhancer is required for high levels of Ig kappa gene expression. We now show that kappa 3' enhancer function increases five- to eightfold after stimulation of primary murine B cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and the calcium ionophore ionomycin. In the presence of cyclosporin A this induction is almost halved, suggesting that transcription factors of the NFAT family contribute to kappa 3' enhancer induction. Indeed, we identify a novel NFAT binding site which is required for full enhancer function. We find that this site is transcriptionally active in stimulated B cells, T cells and fibroblasts and that both PMA and ionomycin are required for maximal induction. Time course analysis of the components of the protein-DNA complex in primary lymphocytes reveals that both NFATp and NFATc are present in the complex after 15 min, while only NFATc is detectable after 4 h. This suggests that NFATc plays the dominant role in controlling long-term responses of this transcription factor family. Furthermore, JunB, JunD, FosB and cFos form part of the DNA-protein complex in Bal-17 B cells. Complex formation as well as transcriptional activity can also be induced by crosslinking of surface Ig. We have, thus, identified a unique NFAT complex in B cells that contributes to Ig kappa gene expression.

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