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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1998 May;157(5 Pt 1):1565-72.

Interleukin-8 and markers of neutrophil degranulation in pleural effusions.

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Servei de Bioquímica, Hospital General Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.


In order to know the degree of interleukin-8 (IL-8) production in the pleural space and its relationship to neutrophil activation, IL-8, neutrophil elastase (NE), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) were assessed in blood and pleural fluid (PF) of 219 patients with pleural effusions. Correlations between blood and PF IL-8, NE, and MPO were either absent or weak, except for IL-8 in transudates (r = 0.6745, p < 0.001). PF IL-8, NE, and MPO concentrations in cases of empyema were higher than in cases of effusion of other causes (p < 0.001). No significant differences in inflammatory markers were observed between parapneumonic and tuberculous fluids. IL-8, NE, and MPO levels in malignant, nonspecific, and transudative effusions were lower than in those due to infection, the lowest levels corresponding to transudates. No significant correlation was observed between PF IL-8 and neutrophil count in any group; in contrast, IL-8 was associated with NE and MPO in empyema (r = 0.7545, and r = 0.7283; p < 0.001), tuberculosis (r = 0.4016, p = 0.008 and r = 0.6545, p < 0.001), and nonspecific effusions (r = 0.3748, p = 0.007 and r = 0.3085, p = 0.028). Our results indicate that local production of markers of the nonspecific inflammatory response is high in both chronic and acute pleural infection, and suggest a role for IL-8 in the release of NE and MPO.

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