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Virology. 1998 May 10;244(2):427-41.

Role of a subdominant H-2Kd-restricted SV40 tumor antigen cytotoxic T lymphocyte epitope in tumor rejection.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology H107, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey 17033, USA.


SV40-transformed mKSA cells (H-2d) readily induce progressively growing tumors in adult syngeneic BALB/c mice while expressing the full complement of H-2d MHC class I antigens. BALB/c mice previously immunized with SV40, soluble SV40 T antigen, or irradiated SV40-transformed syngeneic, allogeneic, or xenogeneic cells reject an mKSA tumor challenge even though these mice have been considered low- or nonresponders to T antigen due to difficulty in demonstrating SV40 T antigen-specific CTL. We have investigated the role of H-2d-restricted CTL in the rejection of SV40 tumors in BALB/c mice. Immunization of BALB/c mice with SV40 induced T antigen-specific CTL which were largely. H-2Ld-restricted. However, following repeated in vitro restimulation with mKSA cells, CTL emerged which recognized a subdominant H-2Kd-restricted epitope corresponding to T antigen residues 499-507. Immunization of BALB/c mice with a recombinant vaccinia virus expressing the T499-507 epitope provided partial protection against a challenge of syngeneic mKSA tumor cells and induced the generation of T499-507-specific CTL. These results indicate that a subdominant H-2Kd-restricted CTL epitope can participate in the rejection of SV40 tumors in BALB/c mice.

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