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J Urol. 1998 Jun;159(6):1947-50.

Psychosocial adjustment after testicular cancer treatment.

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Department of Urology, Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.



The high cure rate in testicular cancer has provoked investigations relating to the quality of life in long-term survivors. We determine the psychosocial consequences of the disease especially in regard to sexual and professional performance.


Among the testicular cancer patients treated with various treatment modalities 140 rendered free of disease for at least a year were included in this study. General Health Questionnaire 28 and a general survey were used to determine quality of life issues.


Regarding the sexual life of these patients, problems related to libido, erection and ejaculation increased significantly during treatment and subsequently recovered but did not return to baseline after treatment. During treatment the frequency of sexual intercourse and/or masturbation decreased significantly in all patients. Of the single patients 35% thought that medical history would be a concern for the potential spouse. Regarding professional lives, 22.4% thought that they had better performance after treatment compared to before therapy, whereas only 6.1% reported it to be worse. When professional performance was analyzed according to the treatment modalities those who had received radiotherapy did worse. General Health Questionnaire scores indicated that patients with this disease had a positive view of life compared to that of the normal population.


Although we observed a substantial recovery in sexual life after treatment, it was evident that therapy did have a negative effect on sexual functions. There was no effect on occupational performance and perspective of life, which may be related to the fact of having overcome a life threatening disease.

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