Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1998 May;31(1):327-32.

National surveillance of nosocomial blood stream infection due to Candida albicans: frequency of occurrence and antifungal susceptibility in the SCOPE Program.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City 52242, USA.

Abstract

Surveillance of nosocomial blood stream infections (BSI) in the USA between April 1995 and June 1996 revealed that Candida was the fourth leading cause of nosocomial BSI, accounting for 8% of all infections. Fifty-two percent of 379 episodes of candidemia were due to Candida albicans. In vitro susceptibility studies using the 1997 National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards reference method demonstrated that 92% of C. albicans isolates were susceptible to 5-fluorocytosine and 90% were susceptible to fluconazole and itraconazole. Geographic variation in susceptibility of fluconazole and itraconazole was observed. Isolates from the Northwest and Southeast regions were more frequently resistant to fluconazole (13.3-15.5%) and to itraconazole (17.2-20.0%) than those from the Northeast and Southwest regions (2.9-5.5% resistant to fluconazole and itraconazole). Continued surveillance for infections caused by C. albicans and other species of Candida among hospitalized patients is recommended.

PMID:
9597393
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center