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Clin Infect Dis. 1998 May;26(5):1111-6.

Clinical presentation and analysis of risk factors for infectious complications of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantations at a university medical center.

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Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.


The objective of this report is to describe the characteristics of patients who develop infections associated with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) implanted with sternotomy and thoracotomy approaches. A retrospective chart review identified all patients who underwent ICD implantation at a university medical center from November 1982 through February 1990. Several patient and procedural variables were compared between infected patients and noninfected patients. One hundred fifty-seven patients underwent 202 ICD generator implantations (45 generator changes), and nine of these patients developed infection (4.5% per implantation and 5.7% per patient). Of the patient variables analyzed, a significant correlation (P < .0001) was made only with a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus: 36% of diabetics versus 3.9% of nondiabetics were infected. The only patient- or procedure-specific variable that was found to correlate with the development of infection was the presence of diabetes mellitus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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